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Khartoum State

(also Al Khartum) (Arabic: الخرطوم‎) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 22,122 km2 and an estimated population of approximately 7,152,102 (2008). Khartoum, the national capital of Sudan, is the capital of the Khartoum State. khartoum Steta is divided to 7 lower government level called Al mahalyat (Arabic: المحليات‎) they translate it as localities, it is similar to districts, Municipalities and they are (Al Khartoum locality (Arabic: محلية الخرطوم‎), Al Khartoum bahri locality (Arabic: محلية الخرطوم بحري‎), Um durman locality (Arabic: محلية أمدرمان‎), Jabal awliya locality (Arabic: محلية جبل أولياء‎), Sharq alneel locality (Arabic: محلية شرق النيل‎),Ombadda locality (Arabic: محلية أمبدة‎), karary locality (Arabic: محلية كرري‎), )

If you want to spend a good time on a picnic you can enjoy the magnificent view of the Nile or if you want to see a film or play you will find many cinemas and theaters in the different parts of Khartoum as well as play grounds.

Hotels & Restaurants

Khartoum as a modern capital of the country is full of tourist elements and infrastructures encouraging investment. In Khartoum there are a number of hotels and pensions of different degrees according to international classification. A number of restaurants, tourist resorts and conference halls are available.

The three rivers White Nile, Blue Nile and the Nile formed the geographical map of the Khartoum state divided into three cities (Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum Bahri), each rich of the tourist components.

Oumdurman tourist attractions

This region is located west of the White Nile and the Nile marked by its architectural aspects and the fortresses which featured the Mahdi State period and the old city of Oumdurman.

The region has many markets and folk industries, beside the land hunting site and the solitary time in the desert.

Khartoum tourists  attractions

Khartoumstate is located between the White Nile & the Blue Nile marked by its long shores and different religious and historical buildings, in addition to the Alsunt forest protectorate, Jabal Al-awliyaa Lake and many clubs of rowing and boats,  various museums and other aspects and centers of the tourist service.

West of Nile tourist attractions

It lies north of Oumdurman and extends north to the Alsabaluka waterfalls from the western side of the Nile , full of tourist elements marked by antiquity in addition to historical sites and the features of natural tourism along the Nile and the desert .

Jabal Awliyaa tourist attractions

This lies south of Khartoum 60 km away on the White Nile and it is known for its Nile tourist facilities at the ALkhazan near to the fishing spots and the places where the migrating and settling birds gather.

Khartoum Bahri tourist attractions

It is located east of the Nile with many graves, domes and shady parks on the banks of the Nile river . It contains several archeological sites and extends north


Hotels in Khartoum

Photos from Khartoum

Redsea State

Red Sea (Arabic: البحر الأحمر‎; transliterated: al-Bahr al-Ahmar) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 218,887 km² and an estimated population of 1212979 (2006). Port Sudan is the capital of the state. Sudan claims, but doesn't control the Hala'ib Triangle, a region disputed between Sudan and Egypt.

Welcome to the Sudanese Red sea. This leaflet will help you to discover one of the outstanding natural attractions of the Sudan .

The Coral Reefs for many Sudanese and many visitors are unknown treasures . Many people share the thrill and enthusiasm of this world full of life and full of colours in many combinations and patterns .

And as it is now easier to see what is there, whether from a glass bottom boat , by goggling with a mask and snorkel , or by diving using compressed air – why not take a look for yourself? You are most welcome . The most impressive coral growth and the richest fish life can be observed on the outside rim , but the protected are inside also offers many interesting habitats and organism communities .

There are barrier reefs, these are separated from the coast and the fringing reef by a ship channel , generally  about 100 m , but locally up to 400 m deep , and 2-4 km wide . The barriers range from narrow discontinuous reef walls , only several tens to a few hundred meters wide to platforms of up to 14 km wide which are dotted with patch reefs and depressions of several tens of meters depth . Towartit and Wingate Reefs are examples of this reef type.

Other  type of reefs are the atolls , reef platforms located offshore and surrounded by waters of several hundred meters depth. The horizontal dimensions are hundred of meters  to a few kilometers . Steep flanks rise to a very shallow reef rim which encloses lagoons several tens of meters deep .

Sanganeb and Shaab Rumi are examples often visited . All types of reefs offer shallow and / or protected areas for snorkelers and exciting sites for divers in close proximity . Mangroves and mangrove forests that harbour a diverse fauna are scattered along  the Red sea coast to the south of Port Sudan .



Basic rule: Never go alone !A partner can assist you in minor emergencies and go for help in bigger ones and , since the reefs of Sudan as  a rule are  very lonely places , one could easily be forgotten without a partner.  However , choose your partner carefully.

Is snorkeling dangerous ? Once basic precautions have been taken it is less dangerous than riding a bicycle : no technical failures occur and there are no reckless divers under water .


Photos from Redsea state

Northern State

 (Arabic: الشمالية‎; transliterated: ash-Shamaliyah) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 348,765 km² and an estimated population of 833,743 (2006). Dongola is the capital of the state. The town of Wadi Halfa, a headquarters of the British in the late nineteenth century, is located in the north of the province. The other towns (localities) are Merowe, Karima, Al-Dabbah and Dongola. Northern Sudan was in ancient times Nubia.

Archeological sites

The most important archeological sites  starting from the northern border of the Sudan are :

Sai Island

It lies 330 km to the  north of  Dongla.  The site contains the relics of all historical eras starting with pre-historic times.


Sadenga is a  little distance to the south of Sai Island, on the left bank of the River Nile. The site contains a small temple which was built by King Amenohotep III (1400-1360 B.C.) for his wife Queen Tee. Napata also incorporates a cemetery, which dates to the time of that kingdom and the period of the Meroitic civilization.


Soleb lies 15 kilometers to the south of Sadenga and there exists the most famous at Egyptian temple.  It is considered a unique architectural masterpiece undertaken by King Amenohotep III (1400-1360 B.C.)


It lies some kilometers to the south of Solub, where the  temple  which was devoted for the worshipping of the Sun God (Atone) stands.


It lies 15 km to the north of Kerma town on the right bank of the River Nile which derived its fame in the ancient world as a quarry.

Kerma culture  (2500-1500 B.C)

In the mid of the third millennium B.C. a new civilized life had started to take shape at the present Kerma Town, which perches on the right bank of the River Nile (some 50 kilometers north of Dongola town).  That civilization was related to its capital town i.e. Kerma.


South of Kerma and at Argo lies the village of Tabo where there is a temple built of sand stone constructed by King Terhaga (690-664 B.C.), one of the most famous kings of Nuptia (the 8th – 4th Century B.C.) and was dedicated for the worship of God Amon Ra’a.

El Kawa

It lies  on the right bank of the River Nile.  El Kawa was one of the most important towns during the era between (1347 – 1338 B.C.)

Old Dongola

Old Dongola was the capital city of the old Makuria Christian kingdom where a number of churches and monasteries are found. Old Dongola was one of the three kingdoms, which existed in the land.  There is also the church, which was changed into a mosque during the Islamic phase.

El Kurru

El Kurru lies some 20 kilometres down the street from Jebel Barkal and it was the first cemetery of the kings and queens of Napata before it was transferred to Nuri. The most prominent of  these  kings  was King Ba’akhnie (747 – 716 B.C.). Their graves were stopped with pyramids, which had disappeared.  .  The colourful  paintings of the graves still preserves their lustre.  They are open for visitors.  The graves belong to King Tanut Amani and his mother, queen Kalhuta (664 – 656 B.C.)

Jebel El Barkel

El Barkel mountain overlooks Karima Town and represents a sacred religious symbol during the past kingdoms and the two kingdoms of Nuptia and Meroe. The mountain is considered as a cradle of the religion of God Amon Ra’a.  The kings of  Napata built a temple for God Amon Ra’a at the foot of the mountain.  It is the largest temple for God Amon Ra’a in the Sudan. In front of the temple there stood six giant statues symbolizing  King Amon . Behind El Barkel there are pyramids  which date back to the period of Nuptia and others dating to the Meroetic Kingdom.  These pyramids are most intact and preserved in their shapes.  We also find residential places of the kings among  which is the palace of Spelta Natakamani.


It lies on the left bank of the River Nile, opposite the town of Karima.  Nurri was the second graveyard for the burial of the kings and queens of Napata (the 8th - 4th centuries B.C.).  The kings and queens were buried in pyramid-shaped graves; the largest grave is that of King Terhaga    (690 – 664 B.C.)

Sanam Abu Dom

It is located in modern Merowe town.  The area was one of the most important towns of the Napatan kingdom.  King Taharha built a temple on the site and dedicated it for the worship of God Amon.  It is a small temple built of sandstone.  The locality also contains relics of the ancient town.

El Ghazali

It lies in the desert some 15 kilometres from the town of Merowe. There is a Christian monastery at El Ghazali oasis, which dates back to the Christian era. The monastery consists of a number of rooms, living rooms and seclusion or worship in isolation places.  It is decorated with the elements of Christian architecture.


  Archeological photos

   from Northern state